Yes you can! To see a survey after it has been sent click 'Surveys & Polls' in your sidebar.
From here navigate to 'View' as shown below.
Here you'll see your published surveys.
To view a survey's responses click the eye icon next to the relevant survey. As shown below.
You won't be able to see a survey or its responses unless it has at least three responses. If the eye symbol is crossed out, this means the survey has not received enough responses.
From here you will see the survey and its responses to your survey.
All survey responses remain anonymous.
To see who received them click the number below Participants on the relevant survey.
You'll then be able to see everyone who was sent that particular survey.